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REPORT ON MEASURES TO COMBAT DISCRIMINATION<br />Directives 2000/43/EC and 2000/78/EC<br />COUNTRY REPORT 2009 - POLAND

European Network of Legal Experts in the Non-discrimination Field,

Autor/-ka Łukasz Bojarski
Rok2009
Zasięgogólnopolski
Rodzaj dokumenturaport
Rodzaj danychilościowe i jakościowe
Rodzaj badaniamonitoring


SPIS TREŚCI
INTRODUCTION
0.1 The national legal system
0.2 Overview/State of implementation
0.3 Case-law
1 GENERAL LEGAL FRAMEWORK
2 THE DEFINITION OF DISCRIMINATION
2.1 Grounds of unlawful discrimination
2.1.1 Definition of the grounds of unlawful discrimination within the Directives
2.1.2 Assumed and associated discrimination
2.2 Direct discrimination (Article 2(2)(a))
2.2.1 Situation Testing
2.3 Indirect discrimination (Article 2(2)(b))
2.3.1 Statistical Evidence
2.4 Harassment (Article 2(3))
2.5 Instructions to discriminate (Article 2(4))
2.6 Reasonable accommodation duties (Article 2(2)(b)(ii) and Article 5 Directive 2000/78)
2.7 Sheltered or semi-sheltered accommodation/employment
3 PERSONAL AND MATERIAL SCOPE
3.1 Personal scope
3.1.1 EU and non-EU nationals (Recital 13 and Article 3(2) Directive 2000/43 and Recital 12 and Article 3(2) Directive 2000/78)
3.1.2 Natural persons and legal persons (Recital 16 Directive 2000/43).
3.1.3 Scope of liability
3.2 Material Scope
3.2.1 Employment, self-employment and occupation
3.2.2 Conditions for access to employment, to self-employment or to occupation, including selection criteria, recruitment conditions and promotion, whatever the branch of activity and at all levels of the professional hierarchy (Article 3(1)(a)) Is the public sector dealt with differently to the private sector?
3.2.3 Employment and working conditions, including pay and dismissals (Article 3(1)(c))
3.2.4 Access to all types and to all levels of vocational guidance, vocational training, advanced vocational training and retraining, including practical work experience (Article 3(1)(b))
3.2.5 Membership of, and involvement in, an organisation of workers or employers, or any organisation whose members carry on a particular profession, including the benefits provided for by such organisations (Article 3(1)(d))
3.2.6 Social protection, including social security and healthcare (Article 3(1)€ Directive 2000/43)
3.2.7 Social advantages (Article 3(1)(f) Directive 2000/43)
3.2.8 Education (Article 3(1)(g) Directive 2000/43)
3.2.9 Access to and supply of goods and services which are available to the public (Article 3(1)(h) Directive 2000/43)
3.2.10 Housing (Article 3(1)(h) Directive 2000/43)
4 EXCEPTIONS
4.1 Genuine and determining occupational requirements (Article 4)
4.2 Employers with an ethos based on religion or belief (Art.. 4(2) Directive 2000/78)
4.3 Armed forces and other specific occupations (Art.. 3(4) and Recital 18 Directive 2000/78)
4.4 Nationality discrimination (Art.. 3(2)
4.5 Work-related family benefits (Recital 22 Directive 2000/78)
4.6 Health and safety (Art.. 7(2) Directive 2000/78)
4.7 Exceptions related to discrimination on the ground of age (Art.. 6 Directive 2000/78)
4.7.1 Direct discrimination
4.7.2 Special conditions for young people, older workers and persons with caring responsibilities
4.7.3 Minimum and maximum age requirements
4.7.4 Retirement
4.7.5 Redundancy
4.8 Public security, public order, criminal offences, protection of health, protection of the rights and freedoms of others (Article 2(5), Directive 2000/78)
4.9 Any other exceptions
5 POSITIVE ACTION (Article 5 Directive 2000/43, Article 7 Directive 2000/78)
6 REMEDIES AND ENFORCEMENT
6.1 Judicial and/or administrative procedures (Article 7 Directive 2000/43, Article 9 Directive 2000/78)
6.2 Legal standing and associations (Article 7(2) Directive 2000/43, Article 9(2) Directive 2000/78)
6.3 Burden of proof (Article 8 Directive 2000/43, Article 10 Directive 2000/78)105
6.4 Victimisation (Article 9 Directive 2000/43, Article 11 Directive 2000/78) 106
6.5 Sanctions and remedies (Article 15 Directive 2000/43, Article 17 Directive 2000/78)
7 SPECIALISED BODIES, Body for the promotion of equal treatment (Article 13 Directive 2000/43)
8 IMPLEMENTATION ISSUES
8.1 Dissemination of information, dialogue with NGOs and between social partners
8.2 Compliance (Article 14 Directive 2000/43, Article 16 Directive 2000/78) 126
9 CO-ORDINATION AT NATIONAL LEVEL
ANNEX
ANNEX 1: TABLE OF KEY NATIONAL ANTI-DISCRIMINATION LEGISLATION
ANNEX 2: TABLE OF INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS