Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future

Brundtland's Report Data ogłoszenia31.12.1987
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"A global agenda for change" - this was what the World Commission on Environment and Development was asked to formulate. It was an urgent call by the General Assembly of the United Nations: 

  • to propose long-term environmental strategies for achieving sustainable development
    by the year 2000 and beyond;
  • to recommend ways concern for the environment may be translated into greater co-operation among developing countries and between countries at different stages of economical and social development and lead to the achievement of common and mutually supportive objectives that take account of the interrelationships between people, resources, environment, and development;
  • to consider ways and means by which the international community can deal more effectively with environment concerns; and
  • to help define shared perceptions of long-term environmental issues and the appropriate efforts needed to deal successfully with the problems of protecting and enhancing the environment, a long term agenda for action during the coming decades, and aspirational goals for the world community.

Acronyms and Note on Terminology
Chairman's Foreword
From One Earth to One World

Part I. Common Concerns
1. A Threatened Future
I. Symptoms and Causes
II. New Approaches to Environment and Development

2. Towards Sustainable Development
I. The Concept of Sustainable Development
II. Equity and the Common Interest
III. Strategic Imperatives
IV. Conclusion

3. The Role of the International Economy
I.The International Economy, the Environment, and Development
II. Decline in the 1980s
III. Enabling Sustainable Development
IV. A Sustainable World Economy

Part II. Common Challenges
4. Population and Human Resources
I. The Links with Environment and Development
II. The Population Perspective
III. A Policy Framework

5. Food Security: Sustaining the Potential
I. Achievements
II. Signs of Crisis
III. The Challenge
IV. Strategies for Sustainable Food Security
V. Food for the Future

6. Species and Ecosystems: Resources for Development
I. The Problem: Character and Extent
II. Extinction Patterns and Trends
III. Some Causes of Extinction
IV. Economic Values at Stake
V. New Approach: Anticipate and Prevent
VI. International Action for National Species
VII. Scope for National Action
VIII. The Need for Action

7. Energy: Choices for Environment and Development
I. Energy, Economy, and Environment
II. Fossil Fuels: The Continuing Dilemma
III. Nuclear Energy: Unsolved Problems
IV. Wood Fuels: The Vanishing Resource
V. Renewable Energy: The Untapped Potential
VII. Energy Conservation Measures
VIII. Conclusion

8. Industry: Producing More With Less
I. Industrial Growth and its Impact
II. Sustainable Industrial Development in a Global Context
III. Strategies for Sustainable Industrial Development

9. The Urban Challenge
I. The Growth of Cities
II. The Urban Challenge in Developing Countries
III. International Cooperation

Part III. Common Endeavours
10. Managing The Commons
I. Oceans: The Balance of Life
II. Space: A Key to Planetary Management
III. Antarctica: Towards Global Cooperation

11. Peace, Security, Development, and the Environment
I. Environmental Stress as a Source of Conflict
II. Conflict as a Cause of Unsustainable Development
III. Towards Security and Sustainable Development

12. Towards Common Action: Proposals For Institutional and Legal Change
I. The Challenge for Institutional and Legal Change
II. Proposals for Institutional and Legal Change
III. A Call for Action

Annexe 1: Summary of Proposed Legal Principles for Environmental Protection and Sustainable Development Adopted by the WCED Experts Group on Environmental Law
Annexe 2: The Commission and its Work